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Educating kids on energy use and costs can help engage them in your family’s goal to use less electricity. They can be electric conservation champions if you ask them to help. Here are some ways you can teach kids to use less electricity.

A real-life math lesson

Show your kids how to read the electric bill. Focus on what you can control: kilowatt-hour use. If they are old enough, teach them how to do the math. You can calculate (kWh) use by multiplying wattage by hours used and dividing by 1,000. Multiply this by the kWh rate on your electric bill to estimate how much you spend on power for each household appliance.

For example, if you have a space heater that uses 1,500 watts and is on for four hours a day for a month, it uses 180 kWh. With an average kWh rate of $0.137 in the U.S., the space heater costs about $25 a month to operate. That same space heater costs about $74 a month if it is on for 12 hours per day. Your kWh rate may be lower or higher depending on where you live.

For household appliance wattage, look for the amount stamped on the bottom, back or nameplate. If the nameplate does not include wattage, it can be calculated by multiplying the voltage by the amperage.

Behavior changes add up

To teach children the impact of saving energy, have them help you conserve with the household’s most significant energy-consuming appliances: heating and cooling. Teach kids to dress appropriately for the seasons, even indoors, which allows you to set the thermostat to balance comfort and savings.

You can also leave the house during the hottest times of the day to go for a swim or play outside. Before you go, nudge the thermostat up a few degrees to avoid wasted energy cooling an empty house. Turn off fans when you leave a room.

The second-highest use of electricity is typically the electric water heater. Use a shower timer so kids can monitor how long they are in the shower. Teach them to wash their clothes with cold water.

Other ways to save include turning off the lights when you leave the room. Powering down gaming stations and computers is another way to save. In the kitchen, keep the refrigerator door shut. Teach kids to take a quick peek and shut the door while they think about their snack options.

A family conservation challenge

After teaching your kids about electric bills and showing them how to save electricity, make a game out of your family’s energy conservation efforts. Challenge the family to use less energy than last month or the same month the previous year. Use the savings to reward them with a treat or let the winner pick the game night activity or film for family movie night.

Miranda Boutelle writes on energy efficiency topics for the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, the national trade association representing more than 900 electric co-ops.

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